What Is JEE Main And JEE Advanced
Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a national level exam conducted annually for admission into engineering and architecture colleges across India. The exam constitutes two parts:
Considered one of the most grueling entrance tests in for undergraduate courses, JEE has over a million aspirants applying each year.
JEE Main consists 2 papers: Paper 1 for B.E./B.Tech courses while Paper 2 is for B.Arch courses. Students who qualify the JEE Main Exam go on to take the JEE Advanced Exam, to gain admission into one of the seven zonal IITs.
JEE Main Eligibility Criteria
In order to apply for the examination, candidates should satisfy all the eligibility conditions that are mentioned below. Candidates who fail to satisfy any of the mentioned norms will be unable to submit their application form.
- Age Limit – It should be either 25 or less than it.
- Educational Qualification – Candidates should have qualified the class 12th examination in 2016 or 2017. Candidates who are appearing in 2018 are also eligible to take the examination. However, candidates who reappeared in 2016 are not eligible for the examination.
- Number of Attempts – Candidates are allowed for 03 attempts only.
JEE Main Syllabus
PHYSICS: Laws of motion, energy and power, Work, Rotational motion, Properties of solids and liquid, Thermodynamics, Kinetic theory of gases, Gravitation, Oscillations and waves, Current electricity, Magnetic effects of current and magnetism, Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents and more.
CHEMISTRY: States of matter, Atomic structure, Chemical bonding & molecular structure, Chemical thermodynamics, Solutions, Surface chemistry and more.
MATHEMATICS: Statics, Complex Numbers, Parabola, ellipse and hyperbola, Binomial Theorem, Circles, Permutation and Combination, Differential equation, Solutions of triangle, Straight line and pair of lines, Probability, Trigonometric functions, Definite Integral and more.
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Exam Level : U.G.
- Exam Category : National Level Exam/Admission
- Frequency of Exam : Once Time in a Year
- Exam Score Validity : One Year
- Conducting Body : 7 zonal Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
- Website : www.jeeadv.ac.in
JEE Advanced Eligibility Criteria
Criterion 1 – Performance in JEE Main
- The candidate should be among top 2,24,000 (all categories included) in JEE Main. The percentage of the total number of candidates for various categories are as follows:
- 50.5% for GEN (from the common rank list), 27% for OBC-NCL, 15% for SC and 7.5% for ST. Within each of these four categories, 3% horizontal reservation is available for PwD candidates. PwD category includes Dyslexic candidates also.
Criterion 2 – Age Limit
- 24 years if belonging to the GEN or OBC-NCL category and 29 years if belonging to the SC, ST or PwD category
Criterion 3 – Number of Attempts
- A candidate can attempt JEE Advanced a maximum of two times and that too in consecutive years.
Criterion 4 – Appearance in Class XII (or equivalent) examination
- The candidate should have appeared for Class XII (or equivalent) examination for the first time in all the subjects in either the preceding year or the year of JEE Advanced exam.
- Those, who appeared for the first time in their class XII (or equivalent) examination in the year before the preceding year or earlier, are not eligible. However, candidates whose class XII (or equivalent) examination board results for an academic year (3 years prior to the current JEE Advanced exam year), were declared after June of the following year (a year prior to the preceding year of the examination) are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.
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JEE Advanced Syllabus
General Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum and more.
Mechanics Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity and more.
Thermal physics Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation and more.
Electricity and magnetism Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field and more.
Optics Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism and more.
Modern physics Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation and more.
General topics: Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae; Balanced chemical equations and more.
Gaseous and liquid states Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases and more.
Atomic structure and chemical bonding Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle and more.
Energetics First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work; Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vaporization and more.
Chemical equilibrium Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of ΔG and ΔG0 in chemical equilibrium and more.
Electrochemistry Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to ΔG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells and more.
Chemical kinetics Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions; Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).
Solid state Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ), close packed structure of solids (cubic) and more.
Solutions Raoult’s law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapor pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point.
Surface chemistry Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties and more.
Nuclear chemistry Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of α, β and γ rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio and more.
Isolation/preparation and properties of the following non-metals Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur and halogens and more.
Preparation and properties of the following compounds Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron: diborane, boric acid and borax and more.
Transition elements (3d series) Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment and more.
Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+; Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate and more.
Ores and minerals Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver.
Extractive metallurgy Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction method (iron and tin) and more.
Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide.
Concepts Hybridisation of carbon; σ and π-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; Structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centers and more.
Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes: Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density); Combustion and halogenation of alkanes and more.
Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes and more.
Reactions of benzene Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation and more.
Phenols Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.
Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above) Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions and more.
Carbohydrates Classification; mono- and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.
Amino acids and peptides General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.
Properties and uses of some important polymers Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC.
Practical organic chemistry: Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic) and more.
Algebra Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality and more.
Trigonometry Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations and more.
Analytical geometry Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin. Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line and more.
Differential calculus Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one-to-one functions, sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, composite functions and more.
Integral calculus Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, fundamental theorem of integral calculus and more.
Vectors Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.
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